Optimization of capacity in non-Gaussian noise models with and without fading channels for sustainable communication systems


  • Ghanim A. Al-Rubaye Mustansiriyah University, Iraq
  • Haider TH. Salim ALRikabi Wasit University, Iraq
  • Hussein Tuama Hazim Misan University, Iraq




The highest rate at which information may be reliably sent via a communication link is known as its capacity. In the case of non-Gaussian noise, the capacity of the channel depends on the specific characteristics of the noise, which can cause severe errors and reduce the reliability of communication systems over a fading channel. The Gaussian mixture impulsive noise model (GMINM), which is a more general and flexible non-Gaussian model for impulsive noise, has been compared in this paper with the Middleton Class-A impulsive noise model (MCAINM) in terms of derived channel capacity normalized by channel bandwidth (C/BW) with and without Rayleigh fading (Rf) channels. It also investigated the trade-off between complexity and accuracy in modeling the impulsive noise using two simplified Middleton Class-A impulsive noise models based on derived C/BW. The derived C/BW of these models under various conditions, such as different signal-to-noise ratios and impulsive noise parameters and models, have been performed and evaluated using two different scenarios: the exact method and the semi-analytical method. When the impulsive noise parameters  and A are both near 0 in GMINM and MCAINM, respectively, the capacity of the impulsive noise channel is found to be equivalent to that of the Gaussian channel sustainable, as shown by the findings based on Monte-Carlo simulations. We have shown that when the impulsive noise decreases, the capacity increases in all models; however, the capacity of Gaussian noise is higher than the capacity of non-Gaussian noise, which in turn is higher than the capacity of non-Gaussian noise over the Rf channel overall values of SNR in dB. Moreover, multi-channel configuration introduces spatial diversity and multiplexing gains that have been proposed to sustainably optimize the ergodic capacity for the challenge case when the channel state information (CSI) is unknown at the transmitter in non-Gaussian noise over Rf channel. In today's rapidly evolving world, sustainable communication systems play a crucial role in ensuring efficient and responsible utilization of resources. As the demand for wireless communication continues to rise, it becomes imperative to optimize the capacity of communication channels, especially in scenarios involving non-Gaussian noise models and fading channels. 




How to Cite

Ghanim A. Al-Rubaye, Haider TH. Salim ALRikabi, and H. T. Hazim, “Optimization of capacity in non-Gaussian noise models with and without fading channels for sustainable communication systems”, Heritage and Sustainable Development, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 239–252, Sep. 2023.