Civil engineering materials


  • Furkan Findik The Institute of Science and Technology, Sakarya University
  • Fehim Findik Sakarya Applied Sciences University



For any construction project to prove satisfactory, it is essential to understand the properties of materials during both the design and construction phases. It is crucial to consider the economic viability and sociological and environmental impact of a project. During this initial design phase, possible alternative locations and a preliminary assessment of suitable construction materials are taken into account. The decision of which structural form and material choice is most appropriate depends on a number of factors including cost, physical properties, durability and availability of materials. Buildings can contain wood, metals, concrete, bituminous materials, polymers, and bricks and blocks. Some of these can only be used in non-structural elements, while others can be used alone or in combination with structural elements. The actual materials used in the structural members will depend on both the structural form and other factors mentioned earlier. In this study, various materials such as metal, timber, concrete floor and polymer used in civil engineering were examined, the properties and usage areas of these materials were examined.




How to Cite

F. Findik and F. Findik, “Civil engineering materials”, Heritage and Sustainable Development, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 154–172, Oct. 2021.